Index
Advertising, 2, 33, 34
A≈nity ties. See Kinship
Agency, 10, 12, 81, 84–85, 129, 158–60,
174, 186, 188, 198
Agigian, Amy, 56, 96
aids and hiv, 95, 104–6, 108–9
Alternative insemination, 18, 45–47, 56,
79, 94, 108, 128, 141, 145–52, 162,
253 n. 13
American Society for Reproductive
Medicine (asrm), 106, 199–200,
257 n. 24; campaign of, 34
Andrews, Lori, 240, 242
Anovulation, 28
Artificial impregnation, 27, 44
Artificial insemination (ai), 45–46, 55,
119, 129; lesbian experiences and, 56,
129–60
Assisted reproduction, 13, 20, 22, 26,
34, 55, 212, 226, 232, 246; access to,
72–73; active consumers of, 59, 95,
129, 139–40, 150, 156–89, 195–207,
248; consequences of, 50–51, 156,
180, 211; empowerment and, 51, 95,
152, 156–80, 229; financial costs of,
69, 71–75, 79, 100, 114, 117, 134–37,
161–64, 166, 180, 183; history of, 24–
28, 54; institutional practices of, 55–
56, 71–72, 95, 131; kinship systems
and, 92, 94, 96–98, 107, 110, 118–27,
130, 193–210, 225; resistance to, 28;
technologies of, 18, 38, 51, 54, 71, 83,
92, 94–95, 110, 123, 130, 139–46,
152, 228, 235
Basal body temperature, 28, 82, 139–41,
146, 151
Beck, Ulrich, 226
Becker, Gay, 207, 242, 255 n. 23
Benitez, Guadalupe, 239
Bio-genetic relations, 94–95
Biomedical culture, 66
Biomedicalization, 13, 20, 128–56, 201;
biomedical processes and, 12, 84,
171–89, 195, 226, 248; consumer
markets and, 31, 66, 76, 81, 131, 241;
fertility/infertility services and, 33,
54–55, 66, 72, 76, 81–85, 97, 105, 111,
129–31, 133, 140, 151, 155–58, 162–
63, 230, 248; of heredity and kinship,
213, 217, 222, 241; of homosexuality,
36; information technologies and,
83–84, 141, 151, 194, 238; interven-
tions/treatments and, 22, 52, 54, 141,
151, 162, 236, 241; knowledge/re-
sources and, 12, 53, 76, 78, 81, 84–85,
130, 137, 150, 156; new genetics and,
217, 240, 242; of reproductive prac-
tices, 24, 96–97, 128–59, 216, 226,
228, 230; resistance to, 44, 84, 156,
159; risk and surveillance and, 11,
158–59; as social control, 85; strat-
ification and, 33, 55, 71–72, 84–85,
111, 130–34, 137–38, 147, 216, 230,
236, 241; transformations of self and,
2, 84–85, 156, 158, 189, 198, 240
Biomedical script, 183–86, 242, 248;
statistical probabilities and, 159, 169,
171–82, 188, 193
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