Notes
Introduction
Otto Olsen,
The Thin Disguise: Turning Point in Negro History
(New York:
AIMS, 1967), 14, 69.
2 For a compelling discussion of this case, see Eric Sundquist, "Mark Twain
and Homer Plessy:'
Representations
24 (fall 1988): I02-28.
3 On imperialism, see Hazel Carby, "'On the Threshold of Woman's Era':
Lynching, Empire, and Sexuality in Black Feminist Theory,"
Critical In-
quiry
12 (autumn 1985): 262-77; and George Fredrickson,
The Black Image
in the White Mind: The Debate on Afro-American Character and Destiny,
1817-
1914 (New York: Harper and Row, 1971), 311. See also Amy Kaplan and
Donald E. Pease, eds.,
Cultures
if
United States Imperialism
(Durham, N.C.:
Duke University Press, 1993). In
The Tragedy
if
Lynching
(Chapel Hill: Uni-
versity of North Carolina Press, 1933), Arthur F. Raper estimated that 3,724
lynchings occurred during this period
(I).
4 On segregation, see C. Vann Woodward,
The Strange Career
if
Jim Crow,
2d rev. ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1966). For a discussion of
the states' efforts to strengthen antimiscegenation legislation and its cul-
mination in laws such as Virginia's so-called Racial Integrity Act of 1924,
see Walter Wadlington, "The
Loving
Case: Virginia's Anti-Miscegenation
Statute in Historical Perspective,"
Virginia Law Review
52 (1966): II95-
1202.
5 For an excellent discussion of the Mitchell-Ward case, see Lisa Duggan,
"The Trials of Alice Mitchell: Sensationalism, Sexology, and the Lesbian
Subject in Turn-of-the-Century America:'
Signs
18 (summer 1993): 791-
81 4.
6 Wilde was prosecuted under clause 9, section xi of the Criminal Law
Amendment Act of 1885: "Any male person who, in public or private,
commits, or is a party to the commission of, or procures or attempts to
procure the commission by any male person of, any act of gross inde-
cency with another male person, shall be guilty of a misdemeanour, and
being convicted thereof, shall be liable, at the discretion of the Court,
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