introduc t ion
1 David Henry Hwang, M. Butterfly (New York: Plume, 1989), 83.
2 Jeffery Paul Chan, Frank Chin, Lawson Fusao Inada, and Shawn Wong, eds.,
The Big Aiiieeeee! An Anthology of Chinese American and Japanese American
Literature (New York: Meridian, 1991), xiii.
3 Richard Fung, ‘‘Looking for My Penis: The Eroticized Asian in Gay Porn
Video,’’ in How Do I Look? ed. Bad Object Choices (Seattle: Bay Press, 1991),
4 Sigmund Freud, ‘‘Fetishism,’’ in The Standard Edition of the Complete Psycho-
logical Works of Sigmund Freud, ed. James Strachey (London: Hogarth, 1955),
5 In the juridical realm, the Gentleman’s Agreement (Act of 2 March 1907,
chap. 2534, §3, 34 Stat. 1228) between the United States and Japan worked
toward this type of racial specificity. The Japanese, agreeing to curtail emi-
gration from Japan, were exempted from U.S. laws barring Asian immigra-
6 In recent years, several well-known psychoanalytic feminist and queer schol-
ars have written books with individual chapters or sections exploring psy-
choanalysis and racial difference. See, for example, Mary Ann Doane,
Femme Fatales: Feminism, Film Theory, Psychoanalysis (New York: Routledge,
1991); Judith Butler, Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of ‘‘Sex’’
(New York: Routledge, 1993); Diana Fuss, Identification Papers (New York:
Routledge, 1995); Kaja Silverman, The Threshold of the Visible World (New
York: Routledge, 1996); and Ann Pellegrini, Performance Anxieties: Staging
Psychoanalysis, Staging Race (New York: Routledge, 1997). More recently,
several African American feminist scholars have produced notable book-
length examinations of black novels through the lens of psychoanalysis. See
Saidiya V. Hartman, Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in
Nineteenth-Century America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997); and
Claudia Tate, Psychoanalysis and Black Novels: Desire and the Protocols of Race
(New York: Oxford University Press, 1998). In the fields of Latino and per-
formance studies, see José Esteban Muñoz, Disidentifications: Queers of Color
and the Performance of Politics (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press,
1999). See also recent anthologies such as Elizabeth Abel, Barbara Chris-
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