1. Marina Warner, “Angels and Their Masquerades,” Times Literary Supplement
(London), October 13, 1995, 20.
2. Roland Barthes,
Le Magazine littéraire, February 1975, from an interview
conducted by Jean-Jacques Brochier, reproduced as “Twenty Key Words for
Roland Barthes,” in The
Grain of the Voice: Interviews 1962–1980, translated
by Linda Coverdale (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California
Press: 1991), 206. Emphasis is mine. In French: “Vingt mots-clé pour Roland
Barthes,” in Le Grain de la voix: Entretiens 1962–1980 (Paris: Éditions du Seuil,
3. Victor Burgin, “Re-reading Camera Lucida,” in The End of Art Theory: Criti-
cism and Postmodernity (Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press Interna-
tional, 1996), 92.
4. Ibid., 91.
5. Roland Barthes, Roland Barthes by Roland Barthes, translated by Richard
Howard (New York: Hill and Wang, 1977), from an epigraph at the beginning
of the book, unpaginated. Originally published in French as Roland
par Roland Barthes (Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1975). In French: Roland Barthes
par Roland Barthes, 1.
6. Marcel Proust, from the Carnet de 1908, as quoted by Terence Kilmartin in his
introduction to Marcel Proust: On Art and Literature, 11. In French: Le Carnet
de 1908, edited by Philip Kolb (Paris: Éditions Gallimard, 1976), 61.
7. Barthes taught a series of courses at the Collège de France, after his election
to the Collège on 14 March 1976. In 1977–78, he taught “Comment vivre en-
semble” (“How to live together”). In 1978–79, he taught “Le Neutre” (“The
neutral”). In 1978 and 1979–80, he taught his last, unﬁnished seminar: “La
Préparation du roman.” All of the courses have been published in French. See
vivre ensemble: Simulations Romanesque de quelques espaces