1. Readers who are not well versed in molecular biology or protein biochemistry will
want to consult the appendix, which oﬀers a primer in protein structure.
2. See Dumit, Drugs for Life. Molecular conceptions of life can even propagate through
conversations with one’s naturopath or yoga teacher. See, for example, Martin, Flex-
ible Bodies; Dumit, Picturing Personhood; Taussig et al., “Flexible Eugenics.”
3. For a resonant argument about the making of the cell in twentieth- century life sci-
ence, see Landecker, Culturing Life.
4. The ancient Greek philosopher Democritus (c. 460– c. 370 bc) postulated the ﬁrst
atomic theory of matter. On Democritus, see Hacking, Representing and Intervening.
On the concept of “subvisible,” see Sagan and Margulis, Garden of Microbial Delights.
5. On twentieth-century visions of molecular life, see, for example, Kay, Molecular
Vision of Life; Rheinberger, Toward a History of Epistemic Things; de Chadarevian,
Designs for Life.
6. See J. Butler, Bodies That Matter; Barad, Meeting the Universe Halfway.
7. On the ways we fashion ourselves around the received facts of science, see Joseph
Dumit, Picturing Personhood. See also Emily Martin, Flexible Bodies.
8. For critiques of the metaphors and stories told in biology, see, for example, Martin,
“The Egg and Sperm,” and Flexible Bodies; Haraway, “Biopolitics of Postmodern
Bodies”; Keller, Reﬁguring Life, and Making Sense of Life.
9. On feminist approaches to materialism and materialities, see, for example, Haraway,
Simians, Cyborgs, and Women, Modest_Witness; J. Butler, Bodies That Matter; Barad,
“Meeting the Universe Halfway,” and Meeting the Universe Halfway; Alaimo and Hek-
man, Material Feminisms; Murphy, Sick Building Syndrome; Bennett, Vibrant Matter.
1. Many thanks to Hasok Chang for sending me this cartoon.
2. On kinesthetics, see, for example, Paterson, The Senses of Touch.
3. On ethnographic and philosophical approaches to aﬀect more generally, see Stewart,
Ordinary Aﬀects; Massumi, Parables for the Virtual; Seremetakis, The Senses Still;
Gregg and Siegworth, The Aﬀect Theory Reader; Clough and Halley, The Aﬀective
Turn; Deleuze and Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus.