PART III
Consequences of Population Movements
for Agency, Structure, and Reproductive Processes
The chapters of part III examine some reproductive consequences of trans-
national migration. Their overarching themes include the e√ects of immi-
gration politics and policies on the reproductive practices of migrants and
other displaced populations, and the processes that come into play as mi-
grants try to negotiate unfamiliar institutional structures, practices, laws,
and regulations.
Mark B. Padilla’s contribution, ‘‘From Sex Workers to Tourism Workers:
A Structural Approach to Male Sexual Labor in Dominican Tourism Areas,’’
o√ers a framework for understanding the flexible, situationally determined
sexual practices of a growing number of working-class Dominican men. His
analysis begins with the wide-ranging structural and economic changes that
have been transforming this small nation from an agrarian economy to one
based on tourism, and shows how these economic and social transforma-
tions are being accompanied by new conceptions of masculinity, with health
consequences not only for men but for their wives and children as well. In in-
troducing a concept of ‘‘regional masculinities,’’ Padilla moves beyond a cir-
cumscribed notion of the local to deepen our understanding of the ways in
which hiv/sti risks are produced and their consequences for reproduction.
In ‘‘Family Reunification Ideals and the Practice of Transnational Re-
productive Life among Africans in Europe,’’ Caroline H. Bledsoe and Papa
Sow examine some of the contradictory and unanticipated e√ects of the
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