The Crisis of Socialism and Efforts to Overcome It
I prefer to understand crisis as a productive concept. In a certain sense, any
social structure is at the same time a crisis production mechanism. When a
crisis is produced, the questions of whether society can overcome it and what
resources society uses to overcome it are extremely important and must be
confronted by all of society. Yet dealing with crisis often provides the possi-
bility for a new revolution. Chinese socialism likewise has produced its own
crisis, including the means to overcome the crisis. In this sense, I prefer to
think that socialism is not the end of revolution; on the contrary, it births a
new revolution—of course, the internal structural elements of this new revo-
lution are incredibly complicated.
However, today the crisis of socialism perhaps carries another meaning.
The last thirty years, or the so-called post- thirty years (hou sanshinian), have
produced a new interpretation of the previous thirty years of socialism. This
interpretation consists of two aspects: on the one hand, the entirety of so-
cialism has been demonized and viliﬁed; but on the other hand, especially in
the past decade, with the start of the great debate between the New Left and
liberalism, socialism has in a certain sense been idealized and utopianized.
The issue here is that, if we completely idealize and utopianize the thirty years