Lit., red. Term for those
Javanese who follow Javano-
Abiyasa (Skt, Vyasa) - Grandfather of
the Pandhawa and Korawa in
Javanese tellings of Mahabharata
shadow play performances to
Term used today to refer
to what is believed to be high or
"traditional" Javanese culture.
Alap-alapan Sukesi - Shadow play
story of Rahwana's birth.
Ardjoeno - Dutch spelling of shadow
play character Arjuna.
Arjuna (Skt and modern Indone-
sian) - Middle brother of the five
Pandhawa brothers, major
shadow play character; refined
hero of Mahabharata cycle. Also
known as Janaka.
Arjunawijaya - Poems in Old Java-
nese and modern Javanese of the
Akademi Seni Karawitan
Indonesia-older name for the
Academy of Javanese Performing
Arts in Solo. See
Lit., to clear the forest. Java-
nese term for chronicle or histor-
Main part; stable shadow play
Family, group, or nation.
Batara Guru - Another name for the
Bima (Skt, Bhima) - Second eldest of
the five Pandhawa brothers; ma-
jor shadow play character. Also
known as Werkadara.
Oil lamp or electric light-
bulb used to illuminate the
shadows on the white cotton
screen in a shadow play perfor-
Bratayuda (Skt, Bharatayuddha) -
The Great War between the Pan-
dhawa and Korawa over the
rights to the kingdom of Nga-
Regent. Highest Javanese of-
ficial in Java except for the Sunan,
the Sultan, the Mangkunagaran,
and the Paku Alaman.
Cakil - Small ogre character, who
fights with a refined hero in most
shadow puppet plays or human
The system of forced
cultivation imposed on Javanese
farmers from 1830 until about
1870 to make the colonies profit-
able for the Dutch.
Branch; shadow play story
often considered to lead away
from the main story line of Java-
nese tellings of Mahabharata and
Trunk; stable shadow play