INTRODUCTION TO PART FOUR
The war for Peru had generative as well as destructive conse-
quences. In Part II we discerned one of the major generative consequences
of the war: the formation of peasant rondas and a reborn civil society in
the rural center-south. As we have seen, this painful birth and renovation
was a product of growing alienation from Sendero, limited rapprochement
with the military, and at times, double lives that provoked moral crisis
and renewal. In Part IV, Isabel Coral assesses a second generative aspect
of the war: the emergence of women as new citizen-subjects, major and
visible protagonists in struggles over politics, survival, and reconstruction.
To some extent, this argument has been anticipated in del Pino's discussion
of women as a leading force in the transition toward open resistance to Sen-
dero in eastern Ayacucho, and in Burt's analysis of grassroots organizations
and leadership in Villa EI Salvador. The gendered dimension of the war has
also been anticipated, in part, by Starn's reflections on the intersections of
ronda organization and masculinized peasant politics.
Coral's study extends and complements such insights by exploring more
systematically the gendered dimensions of the war, especially women's ex-
periences and responses. Her ambitious essay crosses conventional genres.
In part historical analysis, in part testimonial, in part advocacy, the essay
draws on Coral's experience as President of
(Centro de Promo-
cion y Desarrollo Poblacional), a leading
whose support activity has
concentrated on women and displaced migrants in Lima and Ayacucho.
This experience has enabled Coral to achieve an exceptionally well informed
and multifaceted overview of women's experience in the war.'
Coral's wide angle view offers an important corrective to the temptation
to focus more narrowly on woman-as-warrior within the Sendero Luminoso