Index
Academia de la Lengua Mixteca (Ve’e
Tu’un Savi; Academy of the Mixtec
Language), 205, 225–26
Academia de las Lenguas Mayas de Guate-
mala (almg;
Academy of Mayan Lan-
guages of Guatemala), 202–3, 225
acculturation, 40, 54, 71, 211, 221. See
also assimilation; indigenismo; mes-
tizaje
activism and activists. See political activ-
ism; political activists
agriculture in the Sierra Mazateca, 10,
72, 260n42
Aguirre Beltrán, Gonzalo (director of
ini),
indigenista policies of, 54–55
Alberto Prado Pineda. See Prado Pineda,
Alberto
alphabets: development and use of,
xiii, 18, 34–35, 124, 127, 206, 217–18,
224–27, 257n15; diversity of, 126–27;
political nature of, 224–25
altars: for dead, 108 (fig. 3.1), 118–19; in
veladas, 261–62n6
alternative medicine, 188, 272–73n7
Ana (compañera of Heriberto Prado
Pereda), 158–60, 172–73, 269n3
ancestors. See dead, the
assimilation, 54; church policies regard-
ing, 178; reactions to ideology and
policies of, 13–14, 204, 215, 258–
59n29; as solution to Indian problem,
48–52; state’s efforts toward, 13–14,
42, 201, 205; and use of indigenous
languages, 201, 206. See also accultura-
tion; indigenismo; mestizaje
audiences, double: for indigenous au-
thors, intellectuals, literature, and
revival movements, 21–23, 28–29, 92,
193, 198, 200, 235, 247–48, 276n4
authenticity: bilingual texts and, 231–32;
Catholic Church and, 187; compet-
ing models of, 173, 175–76; Day of the
Dead celebrations and, 112–13; Day of
the Dead Song Contest and, 27, 137,
138–39; deep Mexico and, 214–15;
identity politics and, 193, 199; indige-
nous identity and, 74, 92, 177–80, 191,
194; insider/outsider tension and, 193,
199, 238; Mazatec identity and, 63,
89, 92, 101, 137, 138–39, 173, 176–77,
186–87, 194; Mazatec Indigenous
Church and, 139, 142, 165–66, 170,
172–73, 176–77, 181–82, 184, 188–91;
meaning of, 11–12; tourists in search
of, 78, 89–90; and tradition and
modernity, tension between, 11–12,
191. See also tradition and innovation
autochthonous church (iglesia autócta-
na), 98, 125–26, 167–68, 178
the autochthonous Mass (La misa autóc-
tona), 98
Bakhtin,
Mikhail: on language, 103, 140,
244
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