1. National aids Control Organization (naco), Annual Report 2010 11 (New
Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, 2011).
1. A growing body of work is examining “timepass” in relation to Indian
modernity. See, for example, Jeffrey Craig, Timepass: Youth, Class, and the
Politics of Waiting in India (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2010).
2. Naka is a term used in several north Indian languages, including those
primarily spoken in Mumbai (Marathi, Hindi, and Gujarati). It refers to a
day wage labor market, usually convened on a street corner or in front of a
train station, that is used by manual laborers to procure paid work. Nakas
constitute a space where unskilled workers (many of whom are migrant
agricultural workers from rural areas) may find jobs doing manual labor,
especially construction work. The concept and contexts for nakas are elabo-
rated further in chapters 1 and 2.
3. “Scheduled Caste” and “Scheduled Tribe” are official terms that reference
non- upper-caste caste categories. A more detailed discussion of caste fol-
lows in chapter 1.
4. Vinay K. Gidwani, “Subaltern Cosmopolitanism as Politics,” Antipode 38
(2006): 12.
5. P. Sainath, “Farm Suicides Rise in Maharashtra, State Still Leads the List,”
The Hindu, July 3, 2012, accessed December 1, 2012, http://www.thehindu
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