i ndex
abolitionist movements: in Cuba, 75;
Gómez and, 54, 55, 60n17, 75, 80, 82;
racial equality movements and, 7
African Americans: Afro-Latin@ music
and, 160–67, 174n13, 200–206; in
alliance with Afro-Latin@s, 364–70,
499–507; anti-immigration analyses
and, 530, 544–45; Black Cubans and,
99–112; boogaloo music and, 200–206;
coalitions with Latin@s, 6, 7–8, 364–
70, 527–39; cross-cultural relations
and, 12–14; Garveyism and, 8, 78,
215–18; immigrants/immigration and,
10, 181, 209, 500–503, 506–7, 527–34,
536, 537, 543–45; Latinidad vs., 10–11,
14–15, 302–4, 358–63, 383, 384, 540–
46; Latin jazz and, 177–85; Latin@
political power and, 527–39; Masonic
lodges and, 76–79; military bands and,
157–59, 161–62; Puerto Ricans and, 9,
219–31; relations with Latin@s, 10, 181,
209, 500–503, 506–7, 527–34, 536,
537, 543–45; Spanish-speaking of the
Southwest, 7, 27–36, 80, 90n22
African diaspora: diasporic conscious-
ness, 534–37; hip hop and, 378–83;
Pentecostalism, 9, 256–61; Santería
traditions and, 126n4, 245–51, 252–
53, 256; transnational discourse of,
72–73; Vega, 9, 245–51; Vicioso, 9,
262–65
“African Things” (Cruz), 232
Afro-Cuban jazz (Cubop), 150–56, 246
Afro-Cuban Jazz Orchestra, 155
Afro-Latinidad: Blackness vs., 10–11,
14–15, 302–4, 358–63, 383, 384,
540–46; Caribbean identity and, 309;
Chicanismo and, 305–7; in Cuban
Miami, 439–44; early formations of,
18; hip hop and, 371–72, 378–79,
381–85; media representations and,
319, 322; Mexico, Mexicans and,
305–7, 426–30
Afro-Latin@s: use of term, xv, 1–3, 10–11;
African American solidarity and, 9;
Afro-Latinidad and, 10, 14–15, 415–16,
426–30, 540–46; Blackness and, 10–
11; cross-cultural relations and, 10–11,
12–14; group history of, 4–11; impact
of census data on, 471–84; Jim Crow
and, 6, 129–34, 136, 330, 505; Latin@
vs., 2–3; as model for cross-racial
collaboration, 544–46; transnational
discourse and, 11–12, 14; triple-
consciousness and, 14–15
Alvarado, Melba, 120–26, 123
Arizona: Afro-Latin@s pre-1900s, 17–18,
27; Esteban (Estevanico el Negro) and,
5, 21–22, 25, 27
Arrocha vs. CUNY (2004), 520–21
Autonomista Party, 90n21
Ayllón, Lucas Vásquez, 20, 22
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