introduction
Autonomy Po liti cal Theory/Po liti cal Anthropology
Federico Luisetti, John Pickles, & Wilson Kaiser
The traditional Eurocentric order of international law is found ering today, as is the old
nomos of the earth. —Carl Schmitt, The Nomos of the Earth (1950)
This book puts in dialogue two of the most intriguing trends in social and
po litical theory: Italian autonomism and Latin American decolonial think-
ing. In the United States, the emergence of the antiglobalization movement
in the 1990s and the publication of Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri’s
Empire in 2000 had brought increasing attention to Italian autonomism—
arguably one of the most innovative post–1968 radical movements and the-
oretical paradigms in the West. On the southern border, in the meantime,
decolonial thinking, theorized by the likes of Aníbal Quijano and Walter
Mignolo, was starting to yield its fruits, connecting its agenda with the
indigenous movements that swept the po litical landscape in Mexico and
Colombia, Ec uador, and Bolivia. This book brings together scholars working
in the two fields in order to highlight the historical conversations and grow-
ing number of convergences between conceptions of autonomy emanating
from both Eu ropean social movements and decolonial movements in the
Americas.
The book explores in par ticular the ways in which poststructuralist and
neo- Marxist autonomist theories, which were originally articulated in the
context of a critique of Western capitalist modes of production and labor,
have in recent years been engaged and broadened by debates emerging
from biopolitics and po litical anthropology in Eu rope, and from indigenous
and postcolonial studies in the Americas. The main goal of this collection of
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