Anti- Haitianism and the Global War on Blackness
My name is María. This is my country. The only one I have ever known. Here I learned
to walk, to talk, and to write my name, María. My parents came here to give me a better
life. I have broken no laws. Yet I am treated worse than an animal, like a goat, like a cow
brought up to exist without identity. I have no papers. Yet here I am, belonging to no
other nation than this one. Why do they do this to us? My only crime is that I was born
to poor black immigrants who followed the route to work and survival.
—María Pierre, 19, ethnic Haitian born in the Dominican Republic
My name is Elizabeth. I am undocumented. I was brought to this country when I was five
years old. . . . My parents made a choice to move here in an effort to provide a better life
for their children. . . . I was enrolled in American elementary school. I take all AP classes.
I play violin for the youth symphony. I get good test scores and I participate in my com-
munity. Yet my opportunities get slimmer and slimmer due to recent legislation. . . . This
reminds me of Jim Crow when customers were turned away with cash in hand . . . all be-
cause they were a different race. . . . How could someone who doesn’t know me judge and
reject me? . . . My name is Elizabeth. I am a high school senior. I was brought here when
I was five. I broke no laws. I am not a criminal. Please don’t let them treat me this way.
—Elizabeth Garibay, 19, ethnic Mexican, raised in Athens, Georgia
On September 23, 2013, as many people prepared to commemorate the anni-
versary of the Massacre of 1937, the Dominican Constitutional Court re-
instated a piece of citizenship law from 1929 that condemns ethnic Haitians
to another form of obliteration. Ruling 168-13, better known as La Sentencia,
dictates that all persons born to “illegal immigrants” or “persons in transit”
since 1929 will not be entitled to Dominican citizenship and are, therefore,
subject to deportation.1 The Dominican Government claimed La Sentencia
was part of an “expansive immigration reform aimed at controlling undoc-
umented immigration from Haiti which increased by about twenty percent
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