Index
Abakuá, , –, 
, , 
abortion, 
Africa, ; Cuban aid to, , ; dance
and, –; orientation of Cuba, –
; and origins of Virgin of Charity of
Cobre, ; as source of Cuban popula-
tion, , , , , –, –; South
Africa, 
African Americans, –, 
Afro-Cubans: music and, –, –,
–; religious revival in the Spe-
cial Period and, . See also blacks,
Independent Party of Color
agrarian reform. See land reform
agriculture: slave control and, –; in the
Special Period, . See also coffee; pigs;
sugar; tobacco
airlines, , 
ajiaco, , , 
Alarcón, Ricardo, 
Alegría del Pío, –
Alemán, José Manuel, –
Algeria, , 
Alhambra Theater, 
Almeida, Juan, –
Alvarez, René, 
Amejeiras, Efigenio, –
Anderson, Jon Lee, 
anti-Communism, –, –
anti-imperialism, –, , , –,
–, –, –
Antilla, 
Antuna, Vicentina, 
Arawaks. See Taínos
Arenal, Humberto, , 
Arenas, Reinaldo, 
Arévalo, Juan, 
 (Acción Revolucionaria Guiteras), 
army, Cuban: fall of Machado and, 
Rural Guard and, –; and serge
revolt, ; under Batista from 
, , –
army, Spanish: and counterinsurgenc
–; as source of immigrants, 
army, U.S. See military, U.S.
Auténtico Party, , –; corrupt
and, –
Aztecs, 
. See Bloque Alemán-Grau-Alsina
Banes, –
Baracoa, –, –
Baragaño, José, –, 
Barajagua, 
Barnet, Miguel, , , 
Barreiro, José, , 
baseball, –
Basic Units of Cooperative Productio
(Unidades Básicas de Producción
Cooperativa, s), 
Batista, Fulgencio, ; Castro guerril
and, , ; Ortodoxo response to
Revolution of  and, , –
attempts to remove from power, 
Bayamo, 
Bay of Pigs, , –, , ; afte
math of, ; literacy campaign and
mercenaries and, –; and Miam

Benjamin, Medea, , –
Bettelheim, Charles, 
biotechnology, 
Bissell, Richard, , –
Black Liberation Army (), –
blacks: insurrection of, –, –
Miami, ; in post- Cuba, 
–; Revolution of  and, 
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