Dominican History, the United States in the Caribbean,
and the Origins of the Good Neighbor Policy
The Tainos: Rise and Decline
the People who Greeted Columbus
(New Haven, 1992).
Lester D. Langley,
America and the Americas: The United States in the Western
(Athens, Ga., 1989), 1-81.
3 Spanish Consul Mariano Alvarez, quoted in Luis Martinez-Fernandez, "Cau-
dillos, Annexationism, and the Rivalry between Empires in the Domini-
can Republic, 1844-1874,"
(Fall 1993): 571-97. The general
outline of Dominican history offered here draws from this article and the
following works: Sumner Welles,
Naboth's Vineyard: The Dominican Republic,
1844-1924, 2 vols. (New York,  1966); Roberto Cassa,
Historia social y
economica de la Republica Dominicana,
vols. (Santo Domingo, 1981); Harry
The Dominican People,
Notes Jor a Historical Sociology,
Stephen K. Ault (Baltimore, 1982); David C. MacMichael, "The U.S. and the
Dominican Republic, 1871-1940: A Cycle in Caribbean Diplomacy:' Ph.D.
diss., University of Oregon, 1964.
4 Lester Langley,
Struggle Jor the American Mediterranean: United States-European
Rivalry in the Gulf-Caribbean,
1776-1904 (Athens, Ga., 1976); Robert G. Albion
and Jennie Barnes Pope,
Sea Lanes in Wartime: The American Experience,
1942 (New York, 1942); David G. McCullough,
The Path between the Seas: The
the Panama Canal,
1870-1914 (New York, 1977).
5 David Long,
Gold Braid and Foreign Relations
(Annapolis, 1988), lI8-50.
6 For the dominance of the Caribbean iIi American naval strategy, see Robert
W. Love Jr.,
History oj the United States Navy,
1775-1941 (Harrisburg, 1992);
Albion and Pope,
Sea Lanes in Wartime;
Donald A. Yerxa,
Admirals and Empire:
The United States Navy and the Caribbean,
1898-1945 (Columbia, 1993).