INDEX
Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations.
Acero de Vargas, doña Catalina, 30–
37, 68, 188, 231, 261n89, 292n66; in
cast of characters, 239; Francisco
Suárez and, 30–37, 49, 59, 171, 198,
292n66
adultery, adulterers, 1, 158–59, 232,
239; mestizo children of, 110,
279n7; women and, 195
Africa, Africans, 4, 24, 29–30, 44,
74, 86, 189, 230, 248n27, 288n18,
297n7; Africanness and, 3; Ango-
las, 9, 196, 294n84; apartheid and,
255n33; Branes, 9; climate and,
195; clothing of, 55, 57; mixing
and, 24, 29, 47–49, 61, 74, 175,
246n8, 265n40, 305, 306; “nations”
of, 9, 248n23, 294n84; North Afri-
cans, 43, 47, 166, 173, 175, 193, 196,
294n86; passing and, 140, 262n103;
as racial term, 4, 230. See also
black, blacks; mulatto; slavery,
slaves; zambaigos; zambo
agriculture: commercial, 213, 216,
299n32; farms and farmers, 62,
70, 76, 80, 81, 160, 184, 206–7;
indigenous, 100, 266n56; labor for,
2, 262n6; land for, 127
Ahmed, Sara, on passing, 33, 253n11
albinos, 196
alderman (regidor), 101, 119; mesti-
zos as, 96, 124, 199, 241. See also
regidor
altiplano, 70, 164, 220; Muisca popu-
lation of, 2, 8, 38
Álvarez, Víctor, on people of mixed
birth, 13, 215
Andes: caste in, 4–5, 7, 100; modern,
62; northern, 119, 228; revolts in,
16; Spanish in, 104–5
archives, archival record, 3, 5, 91,
226–27, 229; in Bogotá, 20, 31,
64, 136, 185, 212, 287n13; García
Zorro in, 121, 127; limited material
in, 24, 228; mestizo caciques in,
138, 284n74; mestizos and, 13–14,
72, 233, 278n3; of Nuevo Reino,
7, 179; petitions in, 161; scenarios
recorded in, 22; in Seville, 26,
27, 31, 289n27; truth of archival
inscription and, 77, 78; in Venezu-
ela, 2; women mentioned in, 57.
See also documents, documentary
evidence
Archivo General de la Nación, 212,
247n16, 274n78
Ares Queija, Berta, 14–15, 165
artisans, 88, 215, 232; at fiestas, 65;
as forasteros, 68, 81–82; indig-
enous people as, 36; mestizos
as, 4, 62, 205, 240; plebeians
as, 5, 223; social network of, 86,
130, 216; solidarity among, 71;
Spanish, 15; status of, 116; urban,
128, 235
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