Anna Louise Strong Papers, National Library, Beijing, China (aLsp)
Federal Bureau of Investigation ﬁle obtained through the Freedom of Information Act
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National Archives at College Park, MD (nacp)
Robert F. Williams Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, Ann
Vicki Garvin Papers, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public
Library, New York (vGp)
Lincoln Bergman, January 9 and March 15, 2012, San Francisco, CA
Miranda Bergman, March 15, 2012, San Francisco, CA
Carlos Moore, March 20, 2009, phone
Sidney Rittenberg, August 15, 2013, phone
John Williams, October 2, 2009, Detroit, MI; October 4, 2009, phone
Mabel Williams, October 4, 2009, phone
Acosta, Leonardo. Cubano Be, Cubano Bop: One Hundred Years of Jazz in Cuba. Washington,
DC: Smithsonian Books, 2003.
Adams, Clarence, Della Adams, and Lewis Carlson. An American Dream: The Life of an
African American Soldier and pow Who Spent Twelve Years in Communist China. Amherst:
University of Massachusetts Press, 2007.
Adie, W. A. C. “Chinese Policy Towards Africa.” In The Soviet Bloc, China and Africa, ed.
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