Unless otherwise noted, all translations from the Greek are mine.
The titles of all Greek newspaper articles are given in English.
1 According to the most recent national census of 2002, the population totaled
10,964,020 (National Statistical Service of Greece 2002, 3).
2 Butler comments with regard to the violence involved in becoming a gendered
subject, ‘‘The forming of a subject requires an identification with the normative
phantasm of ‘sex,’ and this identification takes place through a repudiation
which produces a domain of abjection, a repudiation without which the subject
cannot emerge’’ (1993, 3). With regard to the implication of violence with the
process of crafting identity in a liberal humanist discursive context, she warns,
‘‘If through its own violences, the conceits of liberal humanism have compelled
the multiplication of culturally specific identities, then it is all the more impor-
tant not to repeat that violence without a significant di√erence, reflexively and
prescriptively, within the articulatory struggles of those specific identities forged
from and through a state of siege’’ (118). To be able to do so, to not repeat the
violence without a significant di√erence, it seems to me that part of the violence
that is committed as a function of the discursive operation of power needs to be
made visible. It is one of the vanities of this book that it contributes to such a
‘‘translation’’ project by using one specific case to draw the link between the
processes of subjection and aspects of the damage that might be recognized as
damage by those who do not, a priori, endorse a similar theoretical apparatus.
3 The di≈culties associated with an unproblematized usage of these terms to
describe aspects of Greece are foregrounded in Herzfeld (1991a). As he clearly
shows, the way these terms might work in Greek contexts is complicated by how
di√erent histories—classical, Byzantine, and Ottoman—are employed to make a
bid for ‘‘tradition.’’ Each associated understanding of the future also competes
for a claim on the specifics of ‘‘modernization.’’ For consideration of the multi-
plicity of allusions to history at play in elites’ attempts to forge Greek nation-