1. Harold T. Parker, ‘‘Review Essay: A Methodological Gem,’’ Journal of Urban
History 2, no. 3 (1976): 373–76.
2. It is now too late to thank him for his advice. Professor Parker died, at age
ninety-four, in 2002.
3. Michel de Certeau, The Writing of History, trans. Tom Conley (New York:
Columbia University Press, 1988), 288.
4. For my objections, see Joan Wallach Scott, ‘‘Gender: A Useful Category of
Historical Analysis,’’ American Historical Review 91, no. 5 (1986): 1053–75.
5. See Joan Wallach Scott, ‘‘Finding Critical History,’’ in Becoming Historians,
ed. James Banner and John Gillis (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009),
6. Certeau, The Writing of History, 343. Thanks to postcolonial history, the ‘‘law
of place’’ is no longer taken for granted. See, for example, Dipesh Chakrabarty,
Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference (Princeton:
Princeton University Press, 2000); Andrew Zimmerman, Alabama in Africa:
Booker T. Washington, the German Empire and the Globalization of the New South
(Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010); and Kathleen Wilson, The Island
Race: Englishness, Empire, and Gender in the Eighteenth Century (London: Rout-
ledge, 2003).
7. Certeau, The Writing of History, 288.
8. Ibid., 291.
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