c c c
1. See Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, ‘‘Queer Performativity: Henry James’s The Art
of the Novel,’’ 12. Writing about shame in queer studies, Sedgwick observes:
But I don’t, either, want it to sound as though my project has mainly to do
with recuperating for deconstruction (or other anti-essentialist projects) a
queerness drained of specificity or political reference. To the contrary, I’d sug-
gest that to view performativity in terms of habitual shame and its transfor-
mations opens a lot of new doors for thinking about identity politics. Part of
the interest of shame is that it is an affect that delineates identity—but delin-
eates it without defining it or giving it content. Shame, as opposed to guilt, is
a bad feeling that does not attach to what one does, but to what one is. (Ibid.)
On the vexed relationship between gay and racial shame, see Judith Halberstam,
‘‘Shame and Gay White Masculinity.’’
2. Raymond Williams, Marxism and Literature, 132.
3. See David L. Eng, Judith Halberstam, and José Esteban Muñoz, Introduc-
tion to ‘‘What’s Queer about Queer Studies Now?’’ For a discussion of subjectless
critique, see Judith Butler, ‘‘Critically Queer’’; and Michael Warner, Introduction
to Fear of a Queer Planet: Queer Politics and Social Theory.
4. See ‘‘Times Will Begin Reporting Gay Couples’ Ceremonies,’’ New York
Times, August 18, 2002, I:30.
5. See Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003). See also Goodridge et al. v.
Department of Public Health, 440 Mass. 309 (2003); Marriage Cases, In re, 43 Cal.
4th 757 (2008); Kerrigan and Mock v. Connecticut Department of Public Health
6. See Kath Weston, Families We Choose: Lesbians, Gays, Kinship.
7. As I mention in my preface, this is true even as it demands the inexorable
growth of the prison industrial complex and ever-increasing militarization and
unfreedom in global locales such as the Middle East, Afghanistan, and Guan-
tánamo Bay, heightened racialized violence and racialized labor exploitation, and
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