N o t e s
Ferguson and Whitehead, War in the Tribal Zone.
On the diﬃculties at court faced by even such an accomplished dissimulator
as Cortés, see J. H. Elliott’s introduction to Pagden, Hernán Cortés, xi–xxxvii.
The most comprehensive study is Anglo, The Martial Arts of Renaissance
See Leonard, Books of the Brave, esp. chap. 6.
On Philip’s changing fortunes and their consequences for military volunteers
such as Vargas Machuca, see Parker, The Grand Strategy of Philip II.
Solórzano Pereira, Política Indiana. The best study of Solórzano in English
is Muldoon, The Americas in the Spanish World Order. On Vargas Machuca’s
beasts, see Asúa and French, A New World of Animals, 39–42.
On the early modern indiano predicament in particular, see Simerka, Dis-
courses of Empire. On soldiers’ tales in Vargas Machuca’s era, see Puddu, El
The term is borrowed from Jeremy Adelman, ed., Colonial Legacies: The Prob-
lem of Persistence in Latin American History (New York: Routledge, 1999), al-
though paramilitary violence is not one of the “persistent problems” cited by
Credit goes to María Luisa Martínez de Salinas for pointing out this section’s
epigraph in her biography of Vargas Machuca, Castilla ante el Nuevo Mundo.
Cervantes, Exemplary Stories, 147–80.
Garcilaso de la Vega, El Inca, The Royal Commentaries of the Incas and General