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INDEX
A Note on the Index
A page number followed by “n.” with a digit (e.g., 22 n. 5) indicates that the subject
appears in the note cited. An asterisk (*) precedes a biographical annotation (e.g., *249
n. 1). Some pages contain more than one complete document, each with its own
sequence of notes. On these pages, where two notes occur with the same number, the
symbol “§” indicates the lower note with that number (e.g., 199 n. refers to the n. 1
in the second sequence of notes on page 199). A subject who appears both in the text
and in a note on the same page is indicated by the page number only, except in the case
of a biographical annotation. Captions of illustrations are indexed as text. Bibliographi-
cal information cited in the notes is not indexed.
When there are variant spellings of a name, the spelling that seems most nearly
correct or is most often used in the cited sources is given. Married names are enclosed in
parentheses, e.g., “Ashwood, Amy (Garvey).”
References are included for persons who are unnamed on a page but are otherwise
identified by title or position.
Topics of speeches and writings are indexed according to the wording used in the
document.
ABB. See African Blood Brotherhood (ABB)
“A Bermudian,” to Negro World, 176
Abolition and emancipation, 265, 281, 309; of
Africa, 362; apprenticeship system and, 22
n. 5; black peonage after, 17; celebration of,
114; debates on, 23 n. 7; effects of, 173;
Garvey on, 213; movement for, 108; in
St. Croix, 83 n. 1
Abraham Lincoln Club, 160, 162 n. 7
Abrams, Matilda, 182, 183
Abyssinia, 63 n. 2
Abyssinian Affair, 103–104 n. 1
Acosta, Julio, lxv, 249, *249 n. 1
Adams, Grantley, 29 n. 1
Adams, Jack, 326
Adams, Z., 179
Adderly (Adderley), Alfred Francis, 15
Adderly (Adderley), Benjamin, 338
Adolphus, G., 225
AFL. See American Federation of Labor (AFL)
Africa, 108, 179; ancient glories of, 177–178, 208;
Black Star Line and, lxxiv, 108, 341;
Christianity and, 187; citizenship and
franchise of, 33, 159, 177 n. 2; destiny of, 178;
division of, 280; emancipation of, 362;
establishing black nation in, lxxi, 158–159,
288–290, 303; Garvey as “King of Africa,” 78,
87; Garvey as provisional president of, lxxxvii,
116, 154, 157, 172, 182, 187, 188, 203, 207,
210, 212, 220 n. 3, 230, 231, 238, 239, 240,
244, 247, 257, 276, 285 n. 2, 291, 292, 300,
311, 361, 367; Garvey’s colonization scheme
of, lxxv–lxxvi, 108, 152, 157–159, 288–290,
293, 341; Garvey’s intended move to, lxxxiii,
195, 294; land rights in, 76 n. 4; Negro World
in, 272 n. 6; redemption of, 108, 158–159, 161,
162 n. 7, 171, 182, 187, 208–209, 212, 242,
280–281, 300, 302, 311, 320–322, 358; revolts
in, 270, 272 n. 6; self-determination for, 188,
189–190, 211, 214; slave trade and, 188, 189–
190; strikes by blacks in, 177 n. 2; as ultimate
objective of UNIA, lix, 107–108, 149, 150,
152, 212–215, 249–252, 255, 280–281, 288–
289, 303, 320–322, 340; “Ye Men of Africa,”
182. See also “Africa for the Africans”; “Back
to Africa” movement; GARVEY, MARCUS:
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