All endnotes by the translator are enclosed in brackets throughout. All translations
of titles and text are by Susan Benner unless otherwise noted.
Complex Feelings about Borges
1 [From Hernández, El gaucho Martín Fierro/The Gaucho Martín Fierro, 176–177.
English translation by C. E. Ward.]
2 [Borges, El ‘‘Martín Fierro’’ (first published in book form in 1953).]
3 [See Jitrik, ‘‘Otras inquisiciones.’’]
4 [The article, entitled ‘‘Poesia argentina entre dos radicalismos,’’ can also be found in
Jitrik, Ensayos y estudios de literatura argentina, 200–221.]
5 Macedonio Fernández (1874–1952) was an Argentine avant-garde writer and poet
known for his metaphysical tendencies.
6 [Jitrik, ‘‘Estructura y significado en Ficciones de Jorge Luis Borges.’’ The article was
also published under the same title in Cuadernos Americanos 53 (1969): 50–62.]
7 Juan Carlos Onganía (1914–1995) was head of the Argentine Army from 1962–1965,
he led a military coup against the president of Argentina, Arturo Umberto Illia,
in 1966, and ruled the country as dictator until he himself was toppled in a coup
in 1970.
8 [In Spanish America, criollos are those who are of European (usually Span-
ish) descent but who were born in Spanish America. As an adjective, criollo has
come to describe something ‘‘traditional’’ or deeply rooted in Spanish American
9 José López Rega (1916–1989) was personal assistant to Perón during his exile and
minister of social welfare under the second Perón government; he was known as ‘‘el
brujo,’’ or ‘‘the wizard,’’ in part due to his belief in astrology and occult practices.
10 [A reference to: Pedro Orgambide, Borges y su pensamiento político (Borges and his
Political Thought).]
11 Jorge Rafael Videla (1925– ) was the leader of the military coup that toppled
Perón’s widow, Isabel Perón, in 1976 and head of the military junta that took power;
he was named president of Argentina and held that post until 1981. Thousands of
Argentines were killed, tortured, or disappeared under his reign of terror.
12 Alfonso Reyes (1889–1959) was a Mexican writer, poet, journalist, and diplomat,
considered to be one of the most important Mexican writers of the twentieth
13 [In The Order of Things, Foucault quotes Borges as mentioning a particular Chinese
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