the plebeian republic 233
chano identity remains elusive (if existent at all) anywhere beyond the level of
the village of Iquicha. The inhabitants of this hamlet achieved o≈cial recogni-
tion as a ‘‘peasant community’’ (comunidad campesina) as late as 1991, in the
midst, and apropos, of the civil war that was then devastating Peru.∞∞≠ At that
point, Uchuraccay was still struggling to achieve such recognition.