Tracts of land granted to homesteaders by the Colombian government
during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; also called public lands.
The elected council administering the
A female hereditary chief or culture heroine.
A male hereditary chief or culture hero.
Cinchona bark collector.
Hereditary position on modern
council, responsible for coordi-
nating communal labor; the
is sometimes called
Nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century politico-military leader.
Colonial titles of nobility, commonly granted to aboriginal hereditary
chiefs; modern term of respect.
Recipient of a colonial tribute grant awarded by the Crown to con-
querors and administrators in recognition of services rendered.
A supporter of an Indian-oriented approach to indigenous rights, as
opposed to a western-based ideology used to advance native claims.
Eighteenth-century chiefs who consolidated dominion over large ex-
panses of territory, founding
Marshy plain at the top of the cordillera in the northern Andes.
Hereditary political leader under supreme
Indigenous territorial unit comprising communal and inalienable lands
administered by elected councils and legitimized by colonial or nineteenth-century
Large landowner, frequently employing sharecroppers.