Glossary
baldio
Tracts of land granted to homesteaders by the Colombian government
during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; also called public lands.
cabildo
The elected council administering the
resguardo.
cacica
A female hereditary chief or culture heroine.
cacica:{f,o
Hereditary chiefdom.
cacique
A male hereditary chief or culture hero.
cascarillero
Cinchona bark collector.
capitan
Hereditary position on modern
resguardo
council, responsible for coordi-
nating communal labor; the
capitan
is sometimes called
cacique.
caudillo
Nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century politico-military leader.
Don, dona
Colonial titles of nobility, commonly granted to aboriginal hereditary
chiefs; modern term of respect.
encomendero
Recipient of a colonial tribute grant awarded by the Crown to con-
querors and administrators in recognition of services rendered.
indigenista
A supporter of an Indian-oriented approach to indigenous rights, as
opposed to a western-based ideology used to advance native claims.
new caciques
Eighteenth-century chiefs who consolidated dominion over large ex-
panses of territory, founding
resguardos.
paramo
Marshy plain at the top of the cordillera in the northern Andes.
principal
Hereditary political leader under supreme
cacique.
resguardo
Indigenous territorial unit comprising communal and inalienable lands
administered by elected councils and legitimized by colonial or nineteenth-century
titles.
terrateniente
Large landowner, frequently employing sharecroppers.
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