Abbreviations Used in the Notes
agi Archivo General de Indias, Seville
agn (b) Archivo General de la Nación, Bogotá
agn (ba) Archivo General de la Nación, Buenos Aires
agn (mc) Archivo General de la Nación, Mexico City
bn (cm) Biblioteca Nacional del Perú, Lima, Colección Manuscrita
Introduction: On “Indians”
. On “becoming Indian,” see Serge Gruzinski, “The Net Torn Apart: Eth-
nic Identities and Westernization in Colonial Mexico, Sixteenth-Nineteenth
Century,” Ethnicities and Nations, ed. Guidieri, Pellizzi, and Tamiah; Urban
and Sherzer, eds., Nation-States and Indians in Latin America; and Irene
Silverblatt, “Becoming Indian in the Central Andes of Seventeenth Century
Peru,” After Colonialism, ed. Prakash. See also Martínez Pelaéz, La patria del
criollo, esp. –, –.
. Berkhofer, The White Man’s Indian, xvii.
. Blanca Muratorio, “Images of Indians in the Construction of Ecuadorian
Identity at the End of the Nineteenth Century,” Latin American Popular Cul-
ture, ed. Beezley and Curcio-Nagy, .
. Mallon, Peasant and Nation, –.
. Brading, Prophecy and Myth; The Origins of Mexican Nationalism; and
The First America. See also Keen, The Aztec Image; and Florescano, Memory,
Myth, and Time.
. “Creole” here refers to individuals of European heritage born in the
. Anderson, Imagined Communities, chapter .
. Vicente López y Planes, “Marcha patriótica,” , La lira argentina.
. Goodman, ed., Guatemala: The Postal History and Philately, :–;
and Eric Hobsbawm, “Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe, –,” The
Invention of Tradition, ed. Hobsbawm and Ranger,  (for quote).
. Sarmiento, “Review of Investigaciones sobre el sistema colonial de los
españoles,” , Obras, :.
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