chapter 1. Key Concepts in Early Conservation Thought
1 Though no author is attributed to the document, it has been widely attributed to
Winthrop; there is correspondence from Winthrop to family members referencing
the drafting of the document. See Winthrop  1846: 277–278.
2 This book was originally written and published in 1689, but the ﬁrst edition bore a
1690 publication date.
3 See Locke  1824: 147–158 for more about Locke’s views on natu ral rights and
4 Most African slaves were taken to Brazil.
5 The ﬁfteen slave- holding states were Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia,
Kentucky, Louisiana, Mary land, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Caro-
lina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.
6 Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah as well as parts
of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Wyoming were formed from land that was formerly in
7 The preservationist stance was not necessarily antibusiness, but it did seek to pose
more restrictions on business operations than the conservationist position did. It
should also be noted that business leaders also took part in the preservationist move-
ment and belonged to preservationist groups such as the Sierra Club.
chapter 2. Wealthy People and the City
1 In 1640, war broke out between Indians and whites; hostilities continued for several