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Glossary
amadhlozi Ancestors
ban Legal restriction imposed on
person or organization under
apartheid legislation
Bantu Language group to which
most South African languages
belong; used under apartheid to
refer to Africans (now deroga-
tory in reference to people)
Bantustan African “Homelands,”
formerly Native Reserves, under
apartheid, referring to their
purported self-ruled or indepen-
dent status
bioscope Cinema; movie theater
black People of African, Asian, or
mixed descent
boekevat Prayers
boer, Boer Farmer; as an ethnic
term, refers to people of Dutch
descent
Bushman Derogatory term for
San-speaking foragers
Caffre, Caffrees Deeply deroga-
tory word for Africans; before
the late nineteenth century,
simply a term to refer to particu-
lar groups of Africans (see also
kaffir)
commando Boer citizen-soldiers
organized for raiding and
defense against Khoesan com-
munities; adapted for guerrilla
warfare in South African War
compound Family homestead,
including dwellings, storage
huts, and cattle enclosure, in
African farming communities;
also known as kraal
dagga Marijuana
heemraden Magistracy councilors
herrenvolkism Master-race
ideology
Homeland African “Homelands,”
formerly Native Reserves, under
apartheid, referring to their
purported self-ruled or indepen-
dent status
hostel Dormitory for migrant
workers in urban areas and
mines
Hottentot Colonial-era derogatory
term for Khoekhoe people
inboek Peonage; bonded labor
induna Advisor; headman
inkosi Chief; lord
izinyanga (izinnyanga) Doctors;
diviners
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