599
Index
abolition, 34, 46, 49, 71, 75. See also peon-
age; slavery
Act of Union (1910). 197. See also Union of
South Africa
African National Congress (anc):
early
history of, 26, 100, 199, 201, 204, 211,
244, 281; elections and, 540; Freedom
Charter and, 320–24; Nelson Mandela
and, 345–55, 460–64, 470–72; nego-
tiations ending apartheid and, 465,
467–69, 481–89; Pan Africanist Con-
gress and, 339; Programme of Action
and, 301–4. See also African National
Congress Women’s League; African
National Congress Youth League;
armed struggle; Mandela, Nelson;
Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the
Nation,
mk)
African National Congress Women’s
League, 298, 300, 314. See also African
National Congress (anc)
African National Congress Youth League,
282, 301–4, 320, 339, 443, 526, 561, 563. See
also African National Congress (anc)
Afrikaans, 5, 7, 26, 33, 55, 78, 83, 160–68,
207, 296, 371–74, 379, 382, 498
Afrikaner Bond, 160, 162, 169
Afrikaners, 5, 34, 78–83, 160–95, 198, 226,
291, 407, 540, 559, 570. See also Afrikaans
Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (awb),
486–87
amalaita gangs, 248
ancestors, 10, 17, 19, 88, 98, 111, 114, 119,
557–58
Anglo-American Corporation, 124
Anglo-Boer War. See South African War
(1899–1902)
Anglo-Zulu War (1879), 141, 510
apartheid: final years of, 357–59, 384–98,
401, 407, 410–15, 417–18, 420–24, 436–41,
465–67; history of, 2–6, 10, 34; poli-
cies of, 289, 293, 298; segregation and,
199–200, 240, 248; separate develop-
ment and, 329–35; Soweto Uprising
and, 371, 376, 379–81. See also individual
acts; grand apartheid; National Party
(np);
petty apartheid; segregation
armed struggle, 283, 345, 358, 391, 393–96,
410, 413, 424, 433, 436, 442, 460–62. See
also Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the
Nation,
mk)
Azanian People’s Organization (azapo),
446–48
banning, 283, 298, 320, 325, 339, 348, 367,
385, 398–99, 430
Bantu Authorities Act (1951), 280, 327, 329,
505
Bantu Education Act (1953), 331–33, 343,
348, 387, 395–96, 413, 443
Bantu Self Government Act (1959), 325
Bantustans, 3–5, 197, 261, 279–80, 329, 331,
335, 359, 401, 403, 438–40, 486, 505. See
also apartheid; Bophuthatswana; Cis-
kei; grand apartheid; KwaZulu-Natal;
Transkei
Bapedi, 29
Barolong, 26–27, 29, 31, 82, 192–94
Basotho (Sotho), 83, 87, 122. See also
Lesotho
Basutoland. See Lesotho
Bechuana (Tswana), 5, 27, 29, 92, 94, 96,
202, 324. See also Botswana
Bechuanaland. See Botswana
Previous Page Next Page