N O T E O N T R A N S L A T I O N S
Throughout this book, all translations from materials written in languages
other than English are mine, unless otherwise indicated.
For the transliteration of Japanese language, I use the Modiﬁed Hepburn
system, with the macron indicating a long vowel, for example, kaikyu¯ to¯so¯.
Terms in Japanese, in particular proper nouns or place names that have an
established usage in English, for example, Tokyo, are not modiﬁed with