Illustrations
Tables
1. Classification of Soldiers on the Paraguayan Front by Region 41
2. Crimes Most Frequently Judged by the Junta of Military Justice in
Paraguay, 1869 56
3. STM Defendants by Race, Literacy, and Rank 156
4. Navy Praça Enlistments, 1836–1884 193
5. 1916 Draft Lottery Recruitment Quota, by State 247
6. Regional Breakdown of the 1916 Draft Lottery Compared to 1920
Population Data and 1870–1882 Recruitment Data 248
7. Numbers and Percentages of Recruits Required to Serve Outside Their
Home State and Region 250
8. Draftee Occupational Data, 1922–1923 251
Figures
1. Regions, States, and Capitals of Brazil in the early 1900s. 2
2. ‘‘Observe the latest defenders of the fatherland.’’ May 26, 1866. 40
3. Parody of the trade in substitutes for service in the Paraguayan War.
November 18, 1866. 42
4. ‘‘Liberty and Oppression: Brazil recruits warrioresses. . . . Lopes [sic] is
recruiting children, old men, and women.’’ September 3, 1865. 43
5. ‘‘Hey, can’t you see I am a woman?’’ December 2, 1866. 48
6. ‘‘The Story of João Simplício Nabbed in the Wilderness of São Paulo.’’
October 24, 1869. 49
7. ‘‘La Fête du 10 Juillet.’’ July 16, 1870. 60
8. ‘‘The Pleasures of Fatherhood.’’ September 13, 1874. 66
9a–c. ‘‘Recruitment has been the terror of many people.’’
March 1893. 110–111
10. ‘‘Harsh Law,’’ a magazine cover, illustrates the Fortaleza Draft Massacre.
January 8, 1904. 116
11. ‘‘Three Minutes of Truth’’ depicts a sick soldier returning from Acre.
November 12, 1904. 118
12. ‘‘Scenes of Recruitment.’’ January 20, 1872. 171
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