1. Hellman, Scoundrel Time, 103.
2. Ibid., 93.
3. Ibid., 94. The quoted phrase occurs in Hellman’s letter to Congressman
John S. Wood, then the chairman of huac. Earlier in the same letter, she
refers to the “old-fashioned American tradition” (93) in which she was raised.
For further discussion of Hellman’s testimony, see chapter 2 of the present
4. On the history of huac’s relation to television, see Doherty, Cold War,
Cool Medium, 116–26.
5. The deﬁnitive history of the blacklist is Ceplair and Englund, The Inquisi-
tion in Hollywood. Another excellent study, focusing on the back story of the
blacklist from the screenwriters’ perspective, is Nancy Lynn Schwartz, The
Hollywood Writers’ Wars, completed by Sheila Schwartz. The most notable and
ambitious discussion of huac informers is still Navasky, Naming Names. For
a critique of Navasky, and an incisive discussion of the blacklist in general,
see Andersen, “Red Hollywood.” Andersen has recently published a disarm-
ingly candid assessment of his earlier essay in the context of older and newer
blacklist scholarship; see Andersen, “Afterword.”
6. Hofstadter long ago perceived the substitutive or metonymic role of
“Communism” in “anti-Communism.” See his Anti-Intellectualism in Ameri-
can Life, 39–42.
7. “En-Jewment” might be considered a cognate of Boyarin’s “Jewissance.”
See his Unheroic Conduct, 256.
8. Cited in Gabler, An Empire of Their Own, 371–72.
9. On Jewishness and degeneration, see the recent work of Reizbaum—for
example, “Max Nordau and the Generation of Jewish Muscle.”
10. Cited in Kisseloff, The Box, 417.
11. Cited (from the Congressional Record, August 16, 1949) in Hofstadter,
Anti-intellectualism in American Life, 14–15.
12. Alain Badiou, to whose work I will be turning at the end of this
book, points to the long history of the sycophant. In “The Word ‘Jew’ and