in the Department of Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese, in the case of
this book specifically to Elena Delgado and Paul Borgeson for offering
their views on some of the theses presented here. The dialogue with my
colleagues in the Unit for Criticism and Interpretive Theory has been
most enlightening as well. Peter Garrett invited me to speak on post-
dictatorial mourning at the unit; Michael Berube and Janet Lyon have
continually supported the encounter between Latin America and critical
theory; and Joe Valente offered me an insightful critique of an earlier ver-
sion of chapter 8. For conversations on Brazilian music and literature, I
will be forever indebted to Christopher Dunn. The undergraduate Span-
ish majors and graduate students in Spanish and comparative literature
at Illinois have left their marks on this book or on books yet to come.
To all of them, too numerous to mention, lowe heartfelt thanks. I have
also profited from comments made to me at Illinois, Duke, Yale, De Paul,
Dickinson College, and Tulane in the United States; the Minas Gerais,
Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, and Fluminense Federal Universities in
Brazil; the Catholic University in Quito; and
University in San-
tiago, all during round tables or lectures related to this book. Gratitude
is also due to
Reynolds Smith, Sharon
Torian, and Patricia Mickel-
berry for their superb editorial job.
I would also like to acknowledge permisSions to reprint previously
published material: parts of chapter 2 appeared in
Journal of Latin Ameri-
can Cultural Studies
as "Dictatorship and Immanence"; parts of chapters 3
appeared in Spanish as "Como respiran los ausentes: la narrativa
de Ricardo Piglia" in
Modern Language Notes
110 (1995): 416-32; chapter 5
has been slightly modified since its appearance in
Modern Fiction Studies
44, no. 1 (1998): 184-214, as "The Angel of History's Forged Signature"j
article versions of chapters 6 and 8 are forthcoming respectively as "Resti-
tution and Mourning in Latin American Post-dictatorship," in
26 (1999), and "An Anatomy of Marginality: Figures of the Eternal Re-
turn and the Apocalypse in Chilean Post-dictatorial Fiction," in
Studies in
Twentieth-Century Literature
As a reminder of how much affect exceeds the attempt at restitution,
let it be said that without Nara and Alexandre none of this would have
been possible, or mattered in the first place. I could never imagine I
would have to mourn my mom-in-law, Leila Palhares (1940-98), before I
could send her a copy of this. This book is dedicated to her memory.
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