Prefa C e
Pero lo más sura was
that in all their
heaps & piles of bogus bullshit,
our sister—La Pachuca—of the
equal sufrimientos;
aquella carnalita que también
who also bore the brunt
de toda la carilla
remained in their textbooks
n his poem al Pachuco (Mirrored Reflections)” (1973),
one of the prolific and well-known pachuco po-
ets of the Chicano movement, pays homage to el pachuco, the zoot-
clad, Mexican American homeboy of the 1940s and 1950s.2 He also
acknowledges this figure’s female counterpart, la pachuca, and la-
ments her erasure from official accounts of the Mexican American
zoot subculture and infamous Zoot Suit Riots.
Although there were few reported serious injuries and property
damage was minimal relative to other major twentieth-century
civil disturbances, the Zoot Suit Riots represent a critical violent
episode in Mexican American and U.S. history. During the riots,
white servicemen, some of whom were accompanied by civilians,
attacked “zooters,” youths wearing zoot suits. In particular, they
targeted zoot-clad Mexican Americans. For at least ten days in June
of 1943, servicemen from across Southern California and some
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