The Partitioning of San Pedro Coxtocdn
The
1,085
hectares of the hacienda San Pedro Coxtocan were divided among
four villages in differing quantities and at different times. Information from
the following tables, it should be noted, is not entirely reliable. The popula-
tion figures are taken from agrarian inspections carried out at the start of the
agrarian reform. Investigators were sent out with instructions to find out the
occupational distribution of the villagers, but were seldom precise in doing
so almost invariably declaring that "all" or "nearly all" of the villagers worked
in agriculture, that only a handful of villagers had land of their own, and that
the remainder worked as jornaleros) medieros (sharecroppers), or aparceros (ten-
ant farmers). These "findings" were a matter of heated dispute, for the ha-
cendados repeatedly claimed that agriculturalists were a minority of the inhabi-
tants of any given village. For example, Ricardo Garda, the inspector who
visited Santa Maria Moyotzingo in January of
1918,
declared categorically that
all of the villagers were farmers, "serving for the most part as jornaleros on
the nearby haciendas." The hacendado Marcelino Presno insisted that fully
one-third of the villagers worked as muleteers and merchants or had other
nonagricultural occupations. Mrs. Evans's lawyer, Salvador Cancino, claimed
an even higher percentage. The hacendados and their lawyers also hotly dis-
puted the inspectors' figures regarding tl1e amount of land already owned
by the Villages, insisting (usually vaguely) tl1at they had more than enough
land for their needs. In any case, the following figures are taken from inspec-
tors' reports and presidential resolutions, and should be treated with some
caution.
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