1. McEwan, Saturday, 176, emphasis added.
2. Castells, The Rise of Network Society, 101.
3. Autonomy and empathy are the correlates of these categories in cultural practice in
the era of early industrial capitalism. See Hunt, Inventing Human Rights, 29.
4. On the importance of memory, memorialization, and musealization in the late
twentieth century, see Huyssen, “Present Pasts.”
5. See also Appadurai, Globalization, especially essays by Anna Tsing and Leo Chin.
6. Bakhtin, The Dialogic Imagination, 7.
7. Lukács, The Theory of the Novel; McKeon, The Origins of the English Novel; Watt, The
Rise of the Novel; Moretti, The Way of the World; Armstrong, Desire and Domestic Fiction;
Baucom, Specters of the Atlantic.
8. Hungerford, “On the Period Formerly Known as the Contemporary,” 410.
9. Hungerford, “On the Period Formerly Known as the Contemporary,” 410.
10. Eshel, Futurity, 14.
11. Kermode, The Sense of an Ending, 46– 47.
12. See, for instance, Rabinow, Marking Time.
13. See Manovich, The Language of New Media; Bolter and Grusin, Remediation.
14. Wallerstein, After Liberalism, especially chapter 13, “The Collapse of Liberalism,”
232– 51. See also Wallerstein, “The World System after the Cold War.”
15. Wallerstein, After Liberalism.
16. Latour, We Have Never Been Modern, 8.
17. Derrida, Specters of Marx, 46.
18. Here are Derrida’s words: “Instead of singing the advent of the ideal of democracy
and the capitalist market in the euphoria of the end of history, instead of celebrating the
‘end of ideologies’ and the end of the great emancipatory discourses, let us never ne-
glect this obvious macroscopic fact, made up of innumerable singular sites of suffering: