Chronology
1871-1881
Jesuits active in Nicaragua.
1872
Electoral violence on the rise in Sutiaba, leading to the assassina-
tion of "Pan de Arena."
1881
Rebellion carried out by Indians of Matagalpa. Violent protests
occur in Sutiaba, Telica, and Masaya against expulsion of Jesuits.
1884
Antigovernment conspiracy involving Matagalpino Indians bro-
ken up.
1893
Liberal revolution triumphs under General Jose Santos Zelaya.
In Boaco, Indians provide main backing for ancien regime.
Rigoberto Cabezas serves as local leader ofladinos.
1895
Revitilizaton movement among Matagalpan Indians repressed
by government.
1902
Sutiaba annexed by Leon.
1905
Commissioner attempts to resolve land disputes in Boaco and
Camoapa involving the relationship of municipal to Comunidad
Indigena lands.
1906
Comunidades Indigenas abolished for third time in twenty-five
years.
1909-1910
Zelaya and Liberals overthrown by U.S.-backed counterrevolu-
tion with much Indian support.
1916
1919
1922- 1923
1923-1925
Conservative government annuls the Zelaya-era abolition of the
Comunidades Indigenas.
Conservative primary elections cause much violence against pro-
Chamorro Indians.
Mass protest movements occur in Monimbo and Nindiri.
Protest movements occur in Sutiaba and Masaya.
Coalition governments under Bartolome Martinez and Carlos
Solorzano make political inroads among Chamorrista Indians in
Central Highlands. Much electoral violence occurs between dif-
ferent coalition and Chamorrista forces.
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