(q) denotes a term that comes from the Quechua;
(s) denotes a term that comes from the Spanish.
Acagato (q): commercial center in the Potosí rancherías
Aclla (q): select women chosen to live in communal settings and serve the
Açua (q) (also spelled acua and azua; also known as chicha): corn beer
Acsu (q): tunic, part of typical native Andean female dress
Aguacil mayor (s): chief constable
Ají (s): chili pepper
Alcabala (s): a sales tax imposed by the Crown
Alcalde ordinario (s): magistrate
Alférez real (s): second lieutenant
Alto (s): second-story loft
Aquilla (s): ritual Andean drinking vessel made of silveror gold
Asiento (s): contract
Audiencia (s): colonial jurisdiction of the high court
Avasca (q): native cotton
Ayllu (q): kin-based unit
Azogue (s): mercury
Bachiller (s): licenciate
Basquiña (s): skirt, part of typical elite Spanish female dress
Birque (q) (alsovirqqui): large earthenwarevessel
Borrachera (s): drunken binge
Botija (s): earthen jug
Buhío (s): a modest round dwelling constructed of adobe and straw
Cabildo (s): town council
Caja de censos de indios (s): cash fund in indigenous communities
Caja real (s): treasuryoffice
Calle Real (s): royal street
Callejoncillo (s): alley
Camyseta (s): Spanish colonial for the unku, a pre-Columbian version of the
Cancha (s): enclosure
Cántaro (s): a small two-handled jug
Capitán enteradorde mita (s/q): man charged with overseeing mita
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