I N T R O D U C T I O N
1 Illustrated Weekly News (London), October 12, 1862, 2, qtd. in Peter H. Ho
berg, An Empire on Display: English, Indian, and Australian Exhibitions from
Crystal Palace to the Great War (Berkeley: University of California Press, 20
2 Mary Louise Pratt, Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation (Lon
3 For an especially provocative example of this in the British context, see Sa
Mathur, ‘‘Living Ethnological Exhibits: The Case of 1886,’’ Cultural Anthropo
15, 4 (2001): 492–524.
4 The phrase is Jeﬀrey Auerbach’s. See his The Great Exhibition of 1851: A Na
on Display (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1999), 1.
5 Annie Coombes, Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture, and Pop
Imagination (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1994), 2.
6 For one persuasive model of how to approach these subjects, see Jordana
kin, ‘‘Radical Conservations: The Problem with the London Museum,’’ Ra
History Review 84 (2002): 43–76.
7 Mrinalini Sinha, Colonial Masculinity: The ‘‘Manly Englishman’’ and the ‘‘Eﬀ
nate Bengali’’ in the Late Nineteenth Century (Manchester: Manchester Un
sity Press, 1995); Frederick Cooper and Ann Laura Stoler, ‘‘Between M
pole and Colony: Rethinking a Research Agenda,’’ in their collection, Ten
of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World (Berkeley: University of
fornia Press, 1997), 1–58; Stoler’s own Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Po
Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule (Berkeley: University of California P
2002); and Catherine Hall, Civilising Subjects: Metropole and Colony in the En
Imagination, 1830–1867 (Cambridge: Polity, 2002). See also Antoinette Bur
Burdens of History: British Feminists, Indian Women, and Imperial Culture, 1
1915 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994); and Burton, A
Heart of the Empire: Indians and the Colonial Encounter in Late-Victorian Br
(Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998).