Index
academic research, 4–6, 8, 11–12, 199–
200 n.5
accents, 33, 54, 56, 63, 91, 93, 120
Acosta, Tino, 59, 61, 100
actors, Cuban, 61, 100
actors and actresses, black, 61–63, 66,
154; protests against racism, 20, 69–71,
72, 85, 95, 104, 112–13, 185–86, 189–90;
reduced opportunities for, 104, 181–82
acts of transfer, 7
advertising, 159
African look, as term, 75
Afro-Cuban traditions, 22
Afro diasporic vernacular culture, 89, 113,
186–87, 191
Afro hairstyle, 72–85, 107, 220 n.44; ac-
ceptance of, 87–88; political meaning
and, 83–84; in U.S., 81–83
Afro Puerto Ricans, 68–69, 113
Afro Puerto Rican vernacular culture, 63,
65, 186–87, 191
Albizu Campos, Pedro, 36, 37, 41, 69
Alma Negra (character), 40
Altagracia, empleada doméstica, 228 n.39
Americans, televisual, 34, 47–48, 122–30,
141–42
Anglo-Saxon whiteness, 125, 170
Antillana de Televisión, 117–18
Antilles Confederation, 29
Aparicio, Frances, 63, 125
Appadurai, Arjun, 19
Asociación Panamericana, La, 85
assimilation, 107
Astroff, Roberta, 5
audience, 7, 58, 73, 190, 193–94, 200 n.11;
black and mulatto, 64; Latin Ameri-
can, 8; reactions to translations of
blackness, 188–89
Azabache, 107
Balbina (character), 23
Ballvé, Marcelo, 182
Barrera, Aida, 217 n.13
Bauzá, Guillermo, 38
beauty culture, 14, 70, 105–11; blackness
as fashionable, 107–8; plastic surgery,
196–97
Behn, Hernam, 30
Behn, Sosthenes, 30
Belén Richardson, Carmen, 61, 85, 95,
189, 215 n.116; Angela Davis character
and, 113–14
Benítez, Luz Esther. See Lucecita
Berrey, Stephen, 48
Bill (character), 165, 169–71
blackface, 2, 11, 15, 20, 188, 205–6 n.1,
229 n.4; 1970s, 70, 72; in 1990, 150, 156;
black performers juxtaposed with,
63–64; geographically ambiguous
location, 91, 102; multiple national
contexts, 27–28; opposition to, 70,
95–96, 102–4, 150, 222 n.78. See also
Chianita; maid character; negrito
characters
black is beautiful discourse, 86, 105, 107
blackness, 2–3; anticolonial construc-
tion of, 35; Caribbean mediated, 24;
commodification of, 70, 107, 152, 158–
59, 190; as fashionable, 107–8; framed
through whiteness, 63–64; geographi-
cal location, 22, 145, 147, 151; masking
of, 54–58, 71–72, 187–89; parameters of
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