abuses: by cooperatives, 160, 162; by gov-
ernment, 92; by hacendados or gamo-
nales, 48, 65, 88, 118, 168, 251 n. 1, 254
n. 6, 255 n. 7, 259 n. 2
activists, 42, 58
administrators: of cotton cooperatives,
117, 119, 123, 127–31, 138, 147; of machu
asnu cooperative, 161–63, 168–69; of
sais, 192, 196–98, 202, 206, 210–11,
223
agitator, 161, 164, 206–7
agrarian bank, 24, 32, 129, 132, 133, 135,
137–38, 142
agrarian bonds, 20, 104, 105, 260 n. 7
agrarian debt, 20, 21, 73, 130, 192, 193
agrarian issues: as literature, xx, 258 n. 1,
267 n. 2; Shining Path violence and,
236
agrarian reform, 9, 68, 175, 229, 239; end
of era of, 33–34, 108, 139, 146, 177, 178,
249 n. 7; end of support of, 32, 132–
33; enterprises, 34, 126–27, 131–34; as
failure, 26–27, 127–28, 133–34; govern-
ment support of, 24; legacy of, 39; in
literature, film, and theatre, xxii, 53,
134, 251–53 n. 1, 258 n. 1; as a name, 242;
in numbers, 12–16, 20, 23, 26–27, 29,
113, 118, 152, 260 n. 1, 261 n. 5; objectives
of, 16, 21–23; remembered, xvii–xviii,
xix, xx
agrarian reform laws: Belaúnde 1964,
xxiii, 155, 160; Velasco 1969, xxiii, 122
agrarian tribunal, 91
agribusiness, 107, 197, 223
Alarco, Efigenia, 80, 86, 92, 104
Alayza Grundy, Luis, 76, 78, 96
Alcázar, Lucho, 76, 90–91, 98
Alegría, Ciro, xxi
Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Ameri-
cana (political party) (apra), 11, 17, 18,
271 n. 5
Alvarez, Elena, 105
Andahuaylas, xxii, 24–25, 27, 179, 252 n. 1
anger, 97–98
Anrup, Roland, 80–81, 97–98, 259 n. 5
Arequipa, 37
Arguedas, José María, xxi, 145, 166, 259
n. 5
Arín (community), 59, 60, 63, 64, 66, 67
Arona (hacienda), 78, 79
Ashaninka (ethnic group), 166
assasination, 95, 219–20
Auzemery, Claire, 134, 139, 261 n. 5, 269
n. 12
Ayacucho (also Huamanga), xii, xxi, 28,
123, 222, 223, 235, 237, 241
Barraclaugh, Solon, 12, 247 n. 4
Belaúnde Terry, Fernando, 17, 186;
agrarian reform and, xxiii, 18–19, 83,
i n d e x
Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations.
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