introduction. coLoniALism, nAtivism, And
1. Quoted in Short, Banda, 2.
2. Kaunda and Morris, A Humanist in Africa, 61, 62. Kaunda’s comment references
British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan’s “wind of change” speech to the South
African parliament in 1960, when he criticized South Africa’s policy of apartheid at a
time of decolonization in Africa.
3. On the federation and the politics of this period, see Hyam, “The Geopolitical
Origins of the Central African Federation”; Murphy, “‘Government by Blackmail’”;
Rotberg, The Rise of Nationalism in Central Africa.
4. As explained in this book’s note on terminology, I use the term multiracial at
the outset as a translation term that converses with contemporary work in critical
race theory. For discussion and debate over this expanding issue, see, for example,
DaCosta, Making Multiracials; Elam, The Souls of Mixed Folk; Ifekwuniqwe, ‘Mixed Race’
Studies, parts 2 and 3; Joseph, Transcending Blackness; Root, The Multiracial Experience;
Sexton, Amalgamation Schemes.
5. Interview with Ann and Jessica Ascroft, November 9, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi.
6. On Surtee, see Baker, Revolt of the Ministers, 38.
7. On the Banda regime and after, see Phiri and Ross, Democratization in Malawi;
Englund, A Democracy of Chameleons.
8. Interview with Dinah Coombes, November 11, 1999, Zomba, Malawi. On the
ambiguities of decolonization and the often personal eﬀects of Malawi’s political
transition, see Baker, Revolt of the Ministers; McCracken, “The Ambiguities of Nation-
alism” and A History of Malawi, chapters 15 and 16; Power, “Remembering Du.”
9. On genealogy and political imagination more generally, see Anderson, Imagined
Communities; Appadurai, Modernity at Large; Crais, The Politics of Evil; Shryock, Nation-
alism and the Genealogical Imagination; Vergès, Monsters and Revolutionaries. On the
politics of writing critically about race and racism, see, for example, Fields and Fields,
Racecraft; Painter, The History of White People; Roediger, The Wages of Whiteness.
10. For recent discussion of this terminology, see, for example, Brennan, Taifa,
chapter 1; Mamdani, Deﬁne and Rule, chapters 1 and 2; Pierre, The Predicament of
Blackness, chapters 1 and 2.
11. For a critique of histories of race and their search for origins, see Stoler, “Racial
Histories and Their Regimes of Truth.”