1. Wall Street women and those within their networks may disagree with
some of my interpretations of their experiences, but I have tried to capture
their complexities, ambiguities, and anxieties. I have disguised the names of
all the women that I ethnographically follow in this book. Thus, all my
informants have been given pseudonyms, sometimes even multiple pseudo-
nyms. Furthermore, the women’s stories are told and analyzed against the
backdrop of more than one hundred interviews I conducted with women
and men on Wall Street (1993–96), archival research and fieldwork within
the Financial Women’s Association (fwa, 1993–96), fieldwork within the
Women’s Campaign Fund (wcf, 1993–96), and fieldwork within a single
financial firm (1995–96). I also engaged in a series of follow-up interviews
with twenty members of the first generation during and throughout the
2000s as well as follow-up fieldwork within the fwa and wcf during that
same period. The only time I use actual names of specific women is when I
directly cite or quote the women’s names from a newspaper story, magazine
article, or biography. Furthermore, because I am interested in examining the
professional and political networks of Wall Street women, it makes sense to
use the real names of the fwa and wcf. It is also instructive to note that
providing pseudonyms for these organizations is practically a futile exercise
given that there are relatively few such organizations in existence, and these
particular organizations are well known within the women’s financial and
political communities. I do, however, use pseudonyms of fwa members
when citing or quoting from fwa archives.
2. Spar, ‘‘One Gender’s Crash,’’ Washington Post, January 4, 2009.
3. Kristof, ‘‘Mistresses of the Universe,’’ New York Times, February 8, 2009.
4. While men in Obama’s economic circles (Larry Summers and Timo-
thy Geithner) garnered a great deal of attention in the public imagination, a
few women also caught the nation’s eye. A significant amount of faith, for
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