Glossary
acequia Irrigation ditch
agostadero Uncultivated rangeland
agregados Children not the off-
spring of the head of household
aguajes Natural water sources
ak-cift (Pima) Field prepared for
farming
akimel Pima riverine farmers
albacea Executor of a will
alcabala Sales tax
alcalde de barrio Neighborhood
official
alcalde Judge and cobildo officer
alcaldia mayor Magistrate; colonial
administrative office
aldea Settled agrarian village
alguacil Constable; elected official
of mission governance
alh6ndiga Municipal granery; also
p6sito
almoneda publica Public auction;
also femate
almud Volume measure
=
4.6 liters
or
4.1
quarts
apoderado Person who holds
power of attorney for another
aquiguat Name that Opata mothers
used to call their daughters
arrendatario Tenant farmer who
pays rent to the landowner either
in money or in produce.
arriero Muleteer
athapaskan Language of the
Apaches
baldio Vacant or public land
barranca Mountainous canyon
bastimentos Supplies; basic grains
of wheat and maize
batequis Shallow holes dug in
arroyos to find water
bayeta Flannel
beata Devout lay woman who
cleans the church and cares for the
saints
borrachera Ritual drinking; im-
plies excessive social drinking
bretafta Linen
caballeria Area measure
=
43
hectares and
105
acres
cabecera Head village of a mission
district
cabildo Town council
cahitas Agricultural peoples of
southern Sonora and northern
Sinaloa
caja real Provincial treasury
cantera Quarry; sandstone used for
building
cantora Singer
capellania Chantry fund; lien on a
rural estate to generate income for
the support of a priest
capitancillos Indian military
leaders
carga Volume measure that varies
by product. Equal to approximately
III
liters or
3.1
bushels.
casados Married couples
castas Mixed races of Spanish.
Indian. or African origins.
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