1 See Ludmilla Jordanova, ‘‘Interrogating the Concept of Reproducti
Eighteenth Century,’’ in Conceiving the New World Order: the Glob
of Reproduction, ed. Faye Ginsburg and Rayna Rapp (Berkeley: Uni
California Press, 1995), 369–86.
2 See Raymond Williams, Keywords:AVocabularyofCultureandSoci
York: Oxford University Press,1976). Keyword was originally inten
appendix to CultureandSociety (1958; NewYork: Columbia Univers
1983). However, it was eventuallyexcised and has onlyappeared as a
volume. As is evident, I follow Williams in taking the oed as a start
for inquiry into the social and historical processes that occur within
3 Jordanova argues that reproduction was unregulated prior to the n
century. See ‘‘Interrogating the Concept of Reproduction,’’ 376.
4 Gilroydevelops the term ‘‘raciology’’ as shorthand for thewide-rang
American discourse that invented modern notions of ‘‘race’’ and tru
human nature based upon ideas of biological and cultural differenc
sciences, early anthropology, and contemporary genetic discourse a
amples of raciology. Each attempts, albeit differently, to render th
‘‘race’’ epistemologicallycorrect. See Paul Gilroy, AgainstRace:Ima
litical Culture Beyond the Color Line (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap
Harvard University Press, 2000), 58.
5 See Adrienne Rich, Of Woman Born: Motherhood as Experience an
tion (New York: W. W. Norton, 1986); Luce Irigaray, Speculum of
Woman, trans.Gillian C.Gill (Ithaca: Cornell University Press,1985)
Which Is Not One, trans. Catherine Porter with Carolyn Burke (Ith
nellUniversityPress,1985); Je,Tu,Nous:TowardaCultureofDifferen
Alison Martin (New York: Routledge, 1993); Sexes and Genealogi
Gillian C. Gill (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993); the d
of ‘‘Chora’’ in Julia Kristeva, Revolution in Poetic Language, trans.
Waller (New York: Columbia University Press, 1984), and in Toril
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