INDEX
Abel (focal esf student): academic failure
of, 233; aspirations of, 316; family back-
ground of, 102, 314, 357–58; friendship
group of, 196; identification and, 308;
on music, 195; postsecondary experi-
ences, 244, 248–49, 296; on social class,
178, 200
Abrams, Philip, 332, 389 n. 29
Academic failure, 78–79, 81–82, 233, 234.
See also Extraordinary exams
Acta de Matrimonio, 216–17, 218, 225
Acto y Fiesta de Clasura, 71, 73, 142, 233,
234
Adamson, Walter, 389 n. 29
Adler, Ilya, 18, 365 nn. 10 and 11 , 371 n. 6
Admission exam: at Escuela Secundaria
Federal, 55–56
Adolescence: adults on meaning of, 14–15,
16; identity formation and, 7, 96–97,
306–11, 313–14, 318; meanings of, 14–15;
parents on, 14; puberty and, 100; role
of education in, 20, 25, 26; secundaria
creation and, 16–18, 20, 25, 26; students
on meaning of, 15–16; subcultural
identification and, 7; teachers on, 14,
15, 80–81; violence and, 383 n. 2
Agapitos Lopis Casta, 197
Age: friendship groups and, 203, 226–27
Agency: concept and implications of, 339,
340, 344. See also Structure
Agosín, Mr. (teacher), 79–80, 98
Aguirre Beltrán, Gonzalo, 39
Alberto (focal esf student): class elec-
tions and, 127; family background of,
103, 117–19, 196; identification and, 308,
309; masculine identity of, 91; postse-
condary experiences, 244, 271–74, 314,
316; on social class, 178–79, 199, 200
Alejandra (focal esf student), 108, 229,
247, 295, 351–52
Alonso, Mr. (teacher), 80, 98, 119–20
Althusser, Louis, 384 n. 3
Álvarez, Mr. (teacher), 40, 239, 240
Anderson, Benedict, 330
Andrea (focal esf student): academic
failure of, 234; aspirations of, 295; fam-
ily background of, 107, 314, 362; friend-
ship group of, 220, 221, 308; heterosex-
ual romantic relations and, 222, 223;
migration of, 296; postsecondary expe-
riences, 243, 247, 261–63; schooled
identity and, 316
Andrés (esf student), 202, 204
Angélica (esf student), 125, 126
Anniversary notes, 67
Antonia (focal esf student): aspirations of,
296; cultural center opinion of, 205–6;
family background of, 106, 315, 355;
occupation of, 297; postsecondary ex-
periences, 243, 246, 256–58; schooled
identity and, 316; sexuality jokes and, 208
Antonio (esf student), 198–201, 238, 380
n. 5
Appadurai, Arjun, 316–17, 388 n. 18
Apple, Michael, 325
Arizpe, Lourdes, 148–49, 152, 368 n. 7
Aspirations: definition of, 326; focal stu-
dent, 294–301, 314–20, 386 n. 9; iden-
tity and, 326–27, 343; modernization
theory and, 333
Athletic competitions, 71
Auto-aprendizaje, 79–80
Ávila Camacho, Manuel, 26, 32
Banda de guerra, male, 89
Barreda, Gabino, 365 n. 14
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