INDEX
Afro- Puerto Ricans, 77, 187; and labor
unions, 51, 53, 203– 204n46
agency, 12– 13, 20, 34, 37, 43, 173, 177, 189;
and women, 23, 41
agregados. See agricultural laborers
agricultural laborers, 56, 61– 63, 84, 113,
190, 192– 193n11; as historical agents, 11,
13, 112, 114– 115, 137, 153, 174– 176, 181,
184– 185, 226n63; Mexican and Mexican
American, 3, 14, 124– 129, 131, 188,
217n3, 227n4, 230n24, 247n47; in Michi-
gan, 3– 5, 18, 119– 132, 134– 136, 164, 188,
230– 231n30; migration of, 22, 91, 101–
102, 108, 110– 111, 116– 117, 122– 127
agriculture: corporatization of, 126– 127,
178, 229n20; vs. industrialization, 9, 60,
65, 210n14; in Michigan, 116, 120– 124,
126, 131– 133; and migration, 22, 91– 92,
97, 110– 111, 117, 119, 132; in Puerto Rico,
27, 36, 52, 62, 76, 134
airlift , to Michigan, 4, 117, 119, 135– 136,
146, 164, 183, 233n45, 234n55
alliance. See solidarity
American Federation of Labor (afl), 30–
31, 33, 152. See also unions
anticommunism, 17, 95, 97, 103, 133, 142,
150, 172– 173, 215– 216n55, 246n43
archives, 2– 3, 143, 154, 176– 179, 197n37;
and gender, 20– 23, 106; limitations of,
13, 17– 19, 23, 190; and nation, 14– 16,
159, 196n35
Archivo General de Puerto Rico (agpr),
2, 14– 15, 21, 154, 159, 176, 178, 196n35
arrabales, 69, 71– 77, 99, 166, 168, 212n29,
212– 213n31
assimilation, 90, 98, 109, 187, 193n13,
223n47, 247n47
Bay City, Michigan, 128, 130, 135– 136, 150,
153, 160, 163, 212n30, 241n11, 244n33,
247n44
birth control, 33, 92, 201n15, 217n6
blackness, 6, 27– 28, 61, 77, 186– 187. See also
race
bracero program, 116, 122, 127, 131, 193n12,
217n3, 227n4, 230n24, 241n12
“Bread, Land, and Freedom,” 25, 35, 37,
60, 91, 182
bregar, 11– 12, 41, 47, 75, 120, 171, 173, 181,
188; and pop u lar mobilization, 50, 54,
58, 115, 144, 146, 148, 152– 153, 159, 174,
185, 190; as transnational practice, 49,
114, 141, 142; and women, 147, 153– 156,
172
Chardón Plan, 33
Chicago, Illinois, 3, 8, 16, 18, 122, 138,
159– 160, 170, 174– 175, 179, 190, 193n13,
218n9, 246n39, 246n42; domestic
workers’ emigration to, 104– 109, 111,
114
child labor, 88, 129, 131, 162, 245– 246n38
church, 15, 51, 84, 98, 160, 173, 177; Catho-
lic, 30, 130, 148, 152; Protestant, 30, 130,
151, 163, 241n11, 247n44
citizenship, 8, 61, 182, 184; contested
rights of, 110– 112, 114, 120, 125, 129, 139,
162, 178, 180, 188, 254n25; of the United
States, 8, 10, 30, 48, 53, 91, 97– 98, 133,
149, 152, 158, 164
Cloud of Arrows (Mary Frances Doner), 124,
230– 231n30
Cold War, 17, 35, 101, 103. See also
anticommunism
Previous Page Next Page