Introduction: What People? Whose History?
The collected lyrics of Primera’s songs are available in Alí Primera, Que Mi Canto No
Se Pierda (Caracas: Euroamericana de Ediciones, 2006), from which all my epi-
graphs are drawn. I am grateful to Dante Canoura and the Primera family for per-
mission to reprint these.
1. In his discussion of La Piedrita, Alejandro Velasco also notes their ‘‘strategic’’
location: ‘‘‘We Are Still Rebels’: The Challenge of Popular History in Bolivarian
Venezuela,’’ in Venezuela’s Bolivarian Democracy: Participation, Politics, and Culture
under Chávez, ed. D. Smilde and D. Hellinger (Durham, NC: Duke University Press,
2011). See also Sujatha Fernandes, Who Can Stop the Drums? Urban Social Movements
in Chávez’s Venezuela (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010), 60–61.
2. For more about the Matthews myth, see Anthony DePalma, The Man Who
Invented Fidel (New York: PublicA√airs, 2006).
3. Interview with Valentín Santana, May 24, 2008.
4. See yvke Mundial. (2008). ‘‘One Person Dead after Explosion at Fedecama-