In a lucid editorial, published in the fall after the last Spanish soldier left, a
writer for the Puerto Plata newspaper La Regeneración proposed a lofty plan
to unite Haiti and the Dominican Republic, “born and rooted in the same
soil.” He called for the tightest relationship between the two republics since
the Boyer administration. “In de pen dence and freedom for both peoples
are irrevocable,” he wrote, discussing a new military alliance. “God has
separated son from father, brother from brother, pueblo from other pueblo.
But . . .  can we not form an offensive and defensive alliance to conserve the
integrity of our common territory, to avoid what just happened to us?” The
alliance would bring security, he argued, observing, “The foreign [power]
would not be able to tell which hand struck it.” He suggested that the po-
litical federation include a pragmatic economic ele ment of trade and barter
for mutual benefit, “generous commerce treaties” of free trade within the
island for a variety of products. Fi nally, the collaboration should extend to
deepened diplomatic relationships and, most radically, to dual citizenship.
“Can we not make the ties that must unite us tighter,” he argued, “to declare
that those born in the territory of the island be citizens of both in de pen dent
states?” Peace, profit, and external security would result, he promised. “Let
us love each other as brothers,” he urged. “We will wave one flag with these
words: Union, fraternity . . .” Working together, he concluded, “[we can]
build between us an epoch in which man is truly a brother to fellow man.”1
In towns throughout the territory, idealists emerging from the Restora-
tion struggle supported a range of ambitious po litical reforms. They echoed
wish lists from previous de cades: rule of law, reduction and regularization of
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